Twike human-electric hybrid vehicle (HEHV)

1998 Other Makes Twike

Price: US $10,000.00
Item location: Eden Prairie, Minnesota, United States
Make: Other Makes
Model: Twike
Type: Three wheeled bike
Year: 1998
Color: White
Engine size: Electric
Vehicle Title: Clear
Contact seller: Contact form

TheTwike(a contraction of "TWin" and "bIKE") is ahuman-electric hybrid vehicle(HEHV) designed to carry two passengers and cargo. Basically avelomobilewith an electrical hybrid engine,[1]it can be driven in electric-only mode or electric + pedal power mode. Pedaling warms the user, aking electric heating in winter unnecessary, xtends the range of the vehicle but does not substantially add to the vehicle's top speed. Only two pretty sporty and engaged riders can pedal the vehicle slowly without the use of the electric motor if surface is smooth and horizontal or somewhat declined.

Constructed of lightweight materials such asaluminium(frame) andplastic(shell), he 246kg (542lb) (unladen, arying with battery weight)tricyclevehicle used in first versions NiCd-batteries, ater Lithium-Mangan, iFePO4 and LiIon. Typically ranges ranges reach from 50 to 300 km depending on battery size, ype, tatus on one side and speed and altitude profile and load on the other. Energy is reclaimed while driving throughregenerative braking, nd load is removed from the electric system by use of thepedallingsystem which transfers its input directly to the drivetrain (i.e., oth systems operate in parallel, ot in series).

The Twike is a three-wheeled two seater. The two rear wheels are direct-driven via a differential gear by onemotor - and optionally additionally by 2 pairs of pedals in the case of the model "active". Twike is steered by joystick - for the right hand of the left-side seated pilot - via cables and has pedal brakes. The vehicle can reach speeds of up to 85 kilometers per hour (53mph), sing 7.4 kWh per 100 km. At 50 km/h it can drive up to 80 km.

The TWIKE I was developed for the 1986 World EXPO in Vancouver, anada, y a group of Swiss students. It won the "Functionality Award" for the best ergonomic design in the Innovative Vehicle Design Competition (IVDC) and a first prize in the International Human Powered Vehicle Speed Championship . The TWIKE I was completely driven by human power.[citation needed]

Inspired by the success of the TWIKE I, group of enthusiasts including Ralph Schnyder and Peter Zeller began to develop the TWIKE II as a step towards a vehicle for everyday road use. It was developed in cooperation withAlusuisse-Lonza Holding, as shown on the HEUREKA exhibition in Z?rich, nd took part in the 1991 Tour de Sol Alpin. The TWIKE II had a belt pedal drive with infinitely variable mechanical transmission and a DC motor powered by NiCd batteries to help propel the vehicle. The suitability for everyday use turned out to be significantly improved.[citation needed]

In 1992, he newly founded TWIKE Ltd. decided to develop the TWIKE II into a production vehicle and began looking for capital and customers. Production of the TWIKE III began in 1995 and during 1996 the reformed TWIKE AG produced and sold 190 vehicles, ostly in Switzerland and Germany. The TWIKE III was already equipped with an asynchronous AC motor and 336V NiCd batteries, he system still in use today. The pedal drive was simplified to a 5-speed hub gear and was included in all but very few special order vehicles.

In 1998, INE Mobile GmbH launched its German TWIKE production line and finally became the exclusive producer of the TWIKE after taking over the rights of the SwissLEM AG in 2002. Today the TWIKE is produced in Rosenthal, small village in Hessen near Marburg. Pricing for a TWIKE starts at about 25.000 (basic version, wo battery packs included).[citation needed]By 2011, 00 were claimed to have been sold.[4]

New battery types and controllers (to feed the motor and for standard charging) from Dreifels AG, company of the developers of Twike, llow longer ranges: With the biggest set (20 Ah) of LiFePO4 you reach 130 km and with the LiIon-type (45 Ah, 5 kg, rom May 2014 on) 200275 km. Battery costs are an essential part of the buying price of the vehicle and as well of the costs per km, s the numbers of cycles you can use it is limited.[5]

In the same city, eam TW4XP announced their entry into theAutomotive X Prizewith their Twike-based TW4XP human-electric hybrid vehicle.

There are only 25 Known Twikes in the U.S.A

On Sep-03-15 at 09:44:23 PDT, eller added the following information:

Both Twikes need new batteries.

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